Chargers are not the sexiest parts that come with a smartphone. But without a charger you can not do anything with your smartphone, so it is important anyway. In this article you will read everything you need to know about the charger for your smartphone.
There is a huge range of chargers. With every new smartphone you get a new charger. Sometimes the same type, but sometimes just a different type of charger. So it is not surprising that many people have a drawer full of chargers at home.
The most widely used charger for new smartphones
You may no longer see the forest through all the different chargers. We can imagine well. Yet it is not that complicated. For many new Android phones, the charger with a USB-C connection is currently the most commonly used charger.
You plug the adapter itself into the socket. The flat end of the USB cable then plugs into the plug and the USB-C connection (the other end of the cable) connects to your smartphone.
Apple has its own system for charging smartphones. The Apple Lightning cable is now used for this. It has the same width as a USB-C connection, but is different. Which charger you get with your new smartphone therefore mainly depends on whether it is an Android or an Apple device.
Charging power of your charger
The power of your charger is stated in watts or amps. More charging power generally means a shorter time until the battery of your smartphone is full again. Many ordinary smartphone chargers have a power of around 5 watts.
For tablets there are chargers of, for example, 12 Watt, because they have a larger battery. In principle, you can also charge twice as fast with a charger with twice the power. Please note that special fast chargers are available for real fast charging.
Here are the 7 most common USB cables and connectors:
Type A is the standard flat and rectangular connector found on one end of almost every USB cable. Almost every computer has multiple USB-A ports to connect peripherals and smartphones. USB-A can also be found on game consoles, TV sets and many other devices with a USB connection. The Type A cable can only be plugged into the connector in one way.
The Type B connector is almost square. You used to see this often in the case of peripherals for PCs. This type of USB connection has been widely used for printers, scanners and similar equipment years ago. Manufacturers have now switched en masse to more compact USB connections.
Mini-USB was the standard before the introduction of micro-USB. The USB connection has been reduced with mini-USB. Nowadays you see few chargers with a mini-USB connection. If you have an older compact camera or a PS3, you still have to deal with this type of connection regularly. The mini USB cable can only be connected one way.
Micro-USB is the successor to mini-USB. This connector is a lot smaller than its predecessor, but can also only be connected one way. Micro-USB was until recently the standard charger for Android smartphones. Many older devices still use micro-USB.
If you buy a new Android phone now, chances are that it has a USB-C connection. This is the latest standard connection for Android smartphones. Convenient to Type C is that the top and bottom of the connector are equal. So it doesn't matter how you connect the cable.
The latest Apple charging cables use their own USB variant. Apple calls it the Lightning cable. Just like the USB-C cable, these narrow USB plugs do not matter how you insert them into the smartphone. Lightning cables do only fit on (newer) iPhones and iPads.